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Autism Spectrum Disorder - OT Post Test Broken - REPLACED 4-1-18 - 5 Hour

INSTRUCTIONS
You will need to answer 18 questions correctly to pass the test.
(1) Boys have approximately four to five times higher incidence than girls for ASD. (p. 4)
(A) True
(B) False
(2) Which of the following is NOT considered a possible etiological factor for Autism Spectrum Disorder? (p. 4-7)
(A) HOX genes on chromosome 2
(B) RELN gene on chromosome 7
(C) ASD4 gene on chromosome 12
(D) Prenatal exposure to valproic acid
(3) Credible contemporary research has not established any causative relationship between vaccines and the development of ASD in children. (p. 7)
(A) True
(B) False
(4) Which of the following is NOT a typical symptom associated with ASD? (p. 7)
(A) Social impairment
(B) Cognitive impairment
(C) Communication difficulties
(D) Repetitive behaviors
(5) A 3 year old girl suddenly stops talking. Her parents also notice she is often out of breath and frequently wrings her hands. These symptoms are consistent with __________. (p. 11-12)
(A) Rett syndrome
(B) Reyes syndrome
(C) Fragile X syndrome
(D) Tuberous sclerosis
(6) Which of the following is NOT a condition associated with ASD? (p. 12-15)
(A) Hypersensitivity to certain sounds
(B) Insomnia
(C) Seizures
(D) Hypertonicity and clonus
(7) Which developmental screening tool is used to identify developmental delays in children 6-24 months of age and consists of 24 multiple choice questions? (p. 16-17)
(A) Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQ)
(B) Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales (CSBS)
(C) Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status (PEDS)
(D) Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT)
(8) Screening tools that incorporate information from the parents are not valid. (p. 20)
(A) True
(B) False
(9) A diagnosis of ASD is positively confirmed through biomedical markers and laboratory testing. (p. 21)
(A) True
(B) False
(10) There is strong evidence to support the role of routine clinical neuroimaging in the diagnostic evaluation of ASD. (p. 22)
(A) True
(B) False
(11) The Autism Diagnosis Interview – Revised (ADI-R) is a clinical diagnostic instrument used for assessing autism in children and adults. (p. 23)
(A) True
(B) False
(12) A child with severe deficits in verbal and nonverbal social communication and has extreme difficulty coping with change would be classified as Level ____. (p. 25)
(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(13) Which of the following is NOT associated with Social Communication Disorder? (p. 25-26)
(A) Poor ability to greet others
(B) Unable to take turns in conversation
(C) Difficulty making inferences
(D) Onset of symptoms in early teens
(14) Functional communication remains one of the weakest predictors of adaptive outcome for individuals with autism spectrum disorders across the lifespan. (p. 27)
(A) True
(B) False
(15) Differences between progress monitoring in the educational system and progress monitoring in healthcare relate primarily to terminology. (p. 30)
(A) True
(B) False
(16) Sensory motor proficiency involves taking in information through a variety of sensory channels, interpreting and understanding these sensations, and developing a response to them. (p. 31-32)
(A) True
(B) False
(17) There is no global consensus on which intervention strategy is most effective for treating individuals with ASD. (p. 32)
(A) True
(B) False
(18) Early intervention has been associated with gains in verbal and nonverbal communication, higher intelligence scores, and improved peer interactions. (p. 33)
(A) True
(B) False
(19) Which of the following is NOT one of the identified domains of treatment? (p. 34)
(A) Behavior
(B) Communication
(C) Sensory
(D) Academic
(20) Antecedent interventions involve the modification of situational events that typically precede the occurrence of a target behavior. (p. 35-36)
(A) True
(B) False
(21) Which treatment methodology incorporates child selected activities with "teachable moments" to facilitate learning? (p. 43)
(A) Differential reinforcement
(B) Discrete trial training
(C) Naturalistic teaching
(D) Pivotal response training
(22) The only medications that are FDA approved to treat aspects of ASD are ___. (p.51-53)
(A) fluoxetine and sertraline
(B) risperidone and aripripazole
(C) Prozac and methylphenidate
(D) Abilify and Zoloft
(23) It is estimated that as many as ___ of all children with autism may never develop verbal language skills. (p. 54-55)
(A) 10%
(B) 15%
(C) 25%
(D) 33%
(24) ________ is specialized therapy based on the premise that the brain's response to basic sensory input must be normalized before higher-order processes can be addressed. (p. 55-56)
(A) Perceptual Normalization
(B) Sensory Integration
(C) Receptive Synthesis
(D) Neurological Orientation
(25) Which of the following statements regarding the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is TRUE? (p. 57-58)
(A) Public schools are responsible for both diagnosing students and determining eligibility for services.
(B) A medical diagnosis of ASD is sufficient to establish a child's eligibility for special education services.
(C) Part B of the Act provides services to students age 3 years to 21 years or until graduation from high school.
(D) Individuals age 22 and older are covered by Part C of the ACT.
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