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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder - OT - 4 Hour

You will need to answer 14 questions correctly to pass the test.
(1) Which demographic group has the highest rate of maternal alcohol use during pregnancy? (p. 4)
(A) Unmarried teens
(B) Married teens
(C) Unmarried over 30 years old
(D) Married 20-30 years old
(2) Which of the following is NOT an identified maternal risk factor for FASD? (p. 6)
(A) Lower socioeconomic status
(B) Hypothyroidism
(C) Geneteic predisposition
(D) Depression
(3) Alcohol passes easily via diffusion from maternal blood into the fetal blood. (p. 8)
(A) True
(B) False
(4) Prenatal alcohol exposure to the developing fetal brain may cause ______. (p. 9)
(A) Damage to the hypothalmus
(B) Reduction to the size of the cerebrum
(C) Impaired development of the corpus callosum
(D) Hypertrophy of the amygdala
(5) Nervous system development begins in about the eighth week of gestation. (p. 10)
(A) True
(B) False
(6) Alcohol is passed to infants postnatally via breast milk. (p. 11)
(A) True
(B) False
(7) The four requirements for establishing a diagnosis of FAS are ______. (p. 13)
(A) facial dysmorphia, growth deficits, CNS abnormalities, and maternal alcohol exposure
(B) facial dysmorphia, growth deficits, alpha-1 ketones in cerebral spinal fluid, and maternal alcohol exposure
(C) growth deficits, CNS abnormalities, fetal blood alcohol level of .08, and alpha-1 ketones in cerebral spinal fluid
(D) facial dysmorphia, CNS abnormalities, elevated alpha-1 ketones in cerebral spinal fluid, and maternal alcohol exposure
(8) Facial dysmorphia is established by examining the lip philtrum and the palpebral fissures. (p. 13-14)
(A) True
(B) False
(9) FAS related CNS abnormalities can be structural, neurological, or functional. (p. 14-15)
(A) True
(B) False
(10) Which of the following is NOT a common FAS related cognitive or behavioral impairment (p. 18-19)
(A) Problems with language and memory
(B) Visual-spatial learning issues
(D) Executive function deficits
(11) A child should be referred for full FAS evaluation when there is confirmed significant maternal prenatal alcohol use. (p. 22)
(A) True
(B) False
(12) The goal of a multidisciplinary collaborative evaluation is _______. (p. 26)
(A) Assess the individual's current level of functioning; both his or her areas of difficulty and his or her strengths and resources.
(B) Assess the interactions and relationships between the individual and his or her family and other important figures in the individual's life.
(C) Provide recommendations for treatment and intervention that will optimize the functioning off both the individual and the important figures in his or her environment.
(D) All of the above
(13) Which of the following is NOT typically part of a comprehensive FASD evaluation? (p. 27-39)
(A) Comprehensive history
(B) Functional MRI and EEG
(C) Behavioral observations
(D) Standardized testing
(14) Which of the following statements regarding FASD secondary conditions is FALSE? (p. 39-40)
(A) Approximately 25% of adolescents with FASD drop out of school.
(B) Teenagers and adults with FASDs are at a higher risk for having interactions with police, authorities, or the judicial system.
(C) People with FASDs are at higher risk for showing inappropriate sexual behavior, such as inappropriate advances and inappropriate touching.
(D) More than half of the adults with FASDs experience problems with drugs or alcohol.
(15) Overall, ______________are considered areas of strength of individuals with FASDs. (p. 41)
(A) executive functions
(B) basic language skills
(C) visual spatial skills
(D) math related skills
(16) Children with FASDs often display difficulties understanding social boundaries, reading social cues, and relating to peers. (p. 44)
(A) True
(B) False
(17) All the cognitive, behavioral, and functioning problems associated with FASDs typically decrease during adolescence. (p. 44)
(A) True
(B) False
(18) The keys to working successfully with children with FASDs include structure, consistency, variety, brevity, and persistence. (p. 47)
(A) True
(B) False
(19) What are the primary goals of providing feedback to the family? (p. 47-48)
(A) Report the results of the evaluation and recommend interventions.
(B) Educate the family about prenatal alcohol exposure and FASD.
(C) Provide emotional support to the family.
(D) All of the above
(20) Early intervention programs for children with FASD are guaranteed under the _____. (p. 51)
(A) Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
(B) Federal Healthy Child Initiative (FHCI)
(C) United States Rehabilitative Care Program (USRCP)
(D) Intervention and Education Program (IEP)
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