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Muscle Stretching - OT (non-live) - 3 Hour

INSTRUCTIONS
You will need to answer 7 questions correctly to pass the test.
(1) Range of motion is dependent upon passive and active tension. Which of the following correctly details examples of these tissues and properties?
(A) Passive - alpha motor neuron activity; Active - dynamic contractions
(B) Passive - neuroreflex properties; Active - viscoelastic properties
(C) Passive - viscoelastic properties; Active - neuroreflexive properties
(D) Passive - dynamic contractions; Active - musculotendinous unit structure
(2) An individual's perception or sensation of stretch is known as _______.
(A) physiologic elasticity
(B) stretch tolerance
(C) dynamic end range
(D) myocognition
(3) Activation of these myogenic cells regulates muscle growth and regeneration:
(A) Muscle fibrils
(B) Sacromeres
(C) Satellite cells
(D) Proliferative cells
(4) Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching's effectiveness is achieved through:
(A) Post-contraction Hoffman reflex depression
(B) Motor neuron hyperpolarization
(C) Conscious mechanisms
(D) Sarcomerogenesis
(5) Current evidence indicates that stretching DOES NOT:
(A) Decrease risk of injury
(B) Alter muscle strength
(C) Reduce muscle soreness
(D) Contribute to flexibility
(6) Which of the following stretching parameters continues to be advised for the general population (not older adults)?
(A) > 60 second hold, 2-4 reps
(B) > 60 second hold, 1-2-reps
(C) 10-30 second hold, 2-4 reps
(D) 30-60 second hold, 1-2 reps
(7) When is the best time for an athlete to stretch if their goal is to increase ROM?
(A) 30 minutes after an activity
(B) Within 5-10 minutes after termination of an activity
(C) 30 minutes before the start of an activity
(D) 5 minutes before the start of an activity
(8) Dynamic active stretching is effective for improving ROM in joints limited by _______.
(A) capsular contracture
(B) hemiplegic joint pain
(C) neurologic spasticity
(D) none of the above
(9) Muscle strength assessment immediately following static stretching may not produce accurate results due to _______.
(A) Reflexively enhanced force production
(B) Stretch induced torque increases
(C) Hypersensitive mechanoreceptors
(D) Altered length-tension ratios
(10) The optimal "stretching window" occurs when tissue temperature is increased by _______ degrees (C), and lasts up to _______ after a thermal modality is discontinued.
(A) 3-5, 3 minutes
(B) 1-2, 10 minutes
(C) 5-7, 60 seconds
(D) 6-8, 5 minutes
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