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Spasticity - PT (non-live) - 3 Hour

INSTRUCTIONS
You will need to answer 7 questions correctly to pass the test.
(1) Spasticity is traditionally defined as _______ dependent intrinsic resistance to passive movement.
(A) Time
(B) Position
(C) Sensory
(D) Velocity
(2) Which of the following does NOT play a role in the development of spasticity?
(A) Lower motor neuron lesion
(B) Disrupted descending regulation
(C) Denervation supersensitivity
(D) Hypoexcitable stretch reflex
(3) Spasticity can most effectively be assessed by using _______.
(A) Goniometry
(B) Manual Muscle Testing
(C) Modified Ashworth Scale
(D) Mobility Spasticity Impact Scale
(4) Which of the following can minimize compensatory muscle contractions that my lead to a global increase in tone?
(A) Emphasis on resisted motion of the spastic muscle
(B) Uses of positioning devices for stability and alignment
(C) Encouraging abnormal associated reactions
(D) Using quick passive stretching
(5) Which technique is beneficial to encourage hip and knee flexion when extensor tone is present in the lower extremity?
(A) Ramistes
(B) Dynamic Positioning
(C) Alternating Isometrics
(D) Marie Foix
(6) Which method of rehabilitation uses "key points of control" at various joints to facilitate the desired muscle activation?
(A) Brunnstrom
(B) Bobath
(C) Rood
(D) PNF
(7) If spasticity increases as a patient is actively performing a PNF pattern, the technique of _______ should be utilized to reduce the tone.
(A) Rhythmic Initiation
(B) Rhythmical Rotation
(C) Alternating Isometrics
(D) Hold Relax
(8) Spasticity reduction through the application of electrical stimulation to the muscle opposite of the spastic muscle applies what neurophysiologic concept?
(A) Proprioception
(B) Autogenic Inhibition
(C) Reciprocal Inhibition
(D) Sensory Suppression
(9) Altered _______ length secondary to shortened joint position contributes to the development of contractures.
(A) Mitochondrial DNA
(B) Nerve
(C) Fascia
(D) Sarcomere
(10) Patients with an intrathecal perfusion device must be monitored for _______ to avoid spreading of this complication to the central nervous system.
(A) Infection
(B) Reflex inhibition
(C) Vertigo
(D) Pneumonia
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