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HIV AIDS Update (1 Hour) - PT - 1 Hour

INSTRUCTIONS
You will need to answer 7 questions correctly to pass the test.
(1) AIDS has killed more than ______ people, and is now the _____ leading cause of death among adults worldwide. (p.3)
(A) 21 million, fourth
(B) 40 million, fifth
(C) 28 million, third
(D) 13 million, second
(2) HIV belongs to a subgroup of ______ known as ________. (p.4)
(A) adenoviruses, reoviruses
(B) parvoviruses, herpesviruses
(C) retroviruses, lentiviruses
(D) hepadnaviruses, poxviruses
(3) HIV DNA moves into the cell's nucleus and is spliced into the host's DNA during _________. (p.5)
(A) reverse transcription
(B) integration
(C) transcription
(D) translation
(4) Which one of the following body fluids typically has the highest concentrations of live HIV cells? (p.6)
(A) Semen
(B) Breast milk
(C) Tears
(D) Saliva
(5) Which of the following is TRUE regarding HIV infection? (p.6-7)
(A) Most people experience flu-like symptoms within a week or two after exposure to the virus
(B) HIV is present in very low quantities in genital fluids during the first several months after infection.
(C) The HIV virus is dormant during asymptomatic periods
(D) Persistent lymph node enlargement is often the first sign of HIV infection for many people.
(6) An HIV infected individual who has fewer than ______ per cubic milliliter of blood is considered to have AIDS. (p.7)
(A) 300 lymphocytes
(B) 200 CD4+T cells
(C) 100 CD3+T cells
(D) 26 leukocytes
(7) ________ is a confirmatory test for HIV infection. (p.7-8)
(A) Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA)
(B) Rapid Serologic Test
(C) HIV Dipstick Test
(D) Western Blot Test
(8) A combination of several drugs including reverse transcriptase inhibitors and protease inhibitors is known as __________. (p.9)
(A) AZT
(B) ZDV
(C) HAART
(D) 3TC
(9) To reduce and prevent accidental exposure to HIV, health care workers should ____________. (p.10)
(A) Assume that body fluids from all patients are potentially infectious.
(B) Develop a system to discreetly identify infectious patients.
(C) Routinely use glove/gown barriers with all patients when providing any type of patient care.
(D) Receive annual prophylactic gabba globulin injections
(10) Under the Omnibus AIDS Act, it is a ___________ for a health care worker to accidentally disclose a patient's HIV results. (p.13)
(A) discretionary breach
(B) civil rights violation
(C) first degree misdemeanor
(D) third degree felony
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