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Medical Errors - Athletic Training - 2 Hour

INSTRUCTIONS
You will need to answer 14 questions correctly to pass the test.
(1) _______ is an unanticipated event in a health care setting that causes death or serious injury to a patient.
(A) Sentinel error
(B) Error taxonomy
(C) Error domain
(D) Cardinal error
(2) An athletic trainer accidentally drops an exercise weight onto a patient's foot causing an injury. This is an example of __________ failure.
(A) active
(B) latent
(C) technical
(D) organizational
(3) An injury that results from medical management is called a(n) ____.
(A) near miss
(B) medical error
(C) adverse event
(D) sentinel event
(4) Latent failures are also referred to as "errors at the sharp end".
(A) True
(B) False
(5) An athletic trainer routinely chooses not to wear policy mandated gloves when treating patients with open wounds. This is an example of a __________.
(A) skill based error
(B) rule based error
(C) knowledge based error
(D) systemic error
(6) _________ has been shown to be associated with improvements in quality of life and health status, decreased utilization of services, and improved physical activity
(A) Professional segmentation
(B) Expedited patient discharge
(C) Patient self-management
(D) Limited medical intervention
(7) An organization's culture is based on its _________.
(A) History
(B) Mission and goals
(C) Past and current leadership
(D) All of the above
(8) The first strategy of user-centered design is to make things visible.
(A) True
(B) False
(9) A button on a piece of equipment is labeled "Push Here to Start". This is an example of _____________.
(A) affordance
(B) constraint
(C) forcing function
(D) natural mapping
(10) Clinical vigilance is the most effective way to prevent medical errors.
(A) True
(B) False
(11) _________ is the leading root cause of sentinel events.
(A) Communication failure
(B) Equipment malfunction
(C) Surgical error
(D) Clinical overutilization
(12) Interdisciplinary teamwork is the most effective model for achieving collaboration.
(A) True
(B) False
(13) Which of the following should be reported?
(A) An error that results in harm to a patient.
(B) A mitigated error that does not result in harm to a patient.
(C) A near miss
(D) All of the above
(14) Professional hierarchy is a barrier to interprofessional communication.
(A) True
(B) False
(15) The ethical principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence are violated when errors are not reported or disclosed.
(A) True
(B) False
(16) Which of the following is necessary to increase error reporting?
(A) Leadership committed to patient safety.
(B) Elimination of a punitive culture
(C) Provision of timely feedback
(D) All of the above
(17) There is a strong causal relationship between error disclosure and patient litigation.
(A) True
(B) False
(18) Root cause analysis focuses on the assignment of individual blame.
(A) True
(B) False
(19) The most important thing that an athletic trainer can do to assist a physician with the pharmacological management of a patient is:
(A) Carefully examine the patient's medication
(B) Continuously communicate any adverse findings or responses with the referring physician.
(C) Provide the patient with written materials concerning their medications
(D) Alter the patient's medication dosage if side effects become too great.
(20) Which of the following is NOT one of the stated functions of the National Quality Forum?
(A) Convenes working groups to foster quality improvement.
(B) Endorses consensus standards for performance measurement.
(C) Monitors and evaluates individual institutions for safety performance.
(D) Ensures that consistent, high quality performance information is publicly available.
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