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Medical Errors - Physical Therapy - 2 Hour

INSTRUCTIONS
You will need to answer 7 questions correctly to pass the test.
(1) An injury that results from medical management is called a(n) ____. (p.3-4)
(A) near miss
(B) medical error
(C) adverse event
(D) sentinel event
(2) A therapist accidentally drops an exercise weight onto a patient's foot causing an injury. This is an example of __________. (p.4-5)
(A) active failure
(B) latent failure
(C) technical failure
(D) organizational / technical failure
(3) A therapist routinely chooses not to use a policy mandated gait belt when performing transfer training activities with patients. This is an example of __________. (p.6)
(A) skill based error
(B) rule based error
(C) knowledge based error
(D) None of the above
(4) Which one of the following strategies is NOT part of a systems approach for improving safety in health care? (p.6-9)
(A) Patient-centered care
(B) Teamwork & collaboration
(C) Elimination of human error
(D) A culture of safety
(5) A button on a piece of equipment is labeled "Push Here to Start". This is an example of _____________. (p.14)
(A) affordance
(B) constraint
(C) forcing function
(D) natural mapping
(6) _______ is the leading root cause of sentinel events. (p.17)
(A) Communication failure
(B) Equipment malfunction
(C) Surgical error
(D) Clinical overutilization
(7) Which of the following should be reported? (p.19)
(A) An error that results in harm to the patient.
(B) A mitigated error that does not result in harm to a patient.
(C) A near miss.
(D) All of the above.
(8) Which of the following statements regarding error disclosure is CORRECT? (p.25)
(A) Health care providers are legally required to disclose to patients all medical errors that may have contributed to an adverse event.
(B) There is a strong causal relationship between disclosure of errors and patient litigation.
(C) Neither A nor B is correct.
(D) Both A and B are correct.
(9) Which of the following is TRUE regarding root cause analysis? (p.25)
(A) RCA is a prospective method used to investigate adverse events.
(B) RCA focuses on the assignment of systemic and individual blame.
(C) Data collection determines whether an event was caused by active or latent failure.
(D) Root causes in all catagories are considered before deciding that a factor was non-contributory.
(10) The most important thing that a therapist can do to assist a physician with the pharmacological management of a patient is: (p.27)
(A) Carefully examine the patient's medication
(B) Continuously communicate any adverse findings or responses with the referring physician.
(C) Include medication management in all ADL training sessions
(D) Alter the patient's medication dosage if side effects become too great.
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